SHAVUOT 5780- LAWS AND TRADITIONS
LAWS AND TRADITIONS OF SHAVUOT 5780
ERUV TAVSHILIN: As our sacred texts manifest, it is allowed to cook on Yom Tov days, consuming the product on that same day. But, it is forbidden to cook on a holiday to be eaten on Shabbat. Therefore, taking into account that sometimes, as it happens on this occasion of Shavuot and the previous one of Pesach, the holiday coincides on Thursday and / or Friday, our Masters decreed that on the eve of the party, before the lighting of the lights holidays, proceed to make the “ERUV TAVSHILIN”.
It consists of setting aside a volume of Bread of 54 grams and another quantity of 27 grams of some previously cooked product. Normally a boiled egg or a piece of stewed meat is used. These foods are reserved to be consumed preferentially in the Seudá Shelishit on Shabbat.
TIKUN LEL SHAVUOT: It is important to maintain the tradition of celebrating on the first night of this Feast, the well-known Limud or Study, consisting of the Reading and Commentary of various verses and chapters of the TANAJ (TORÁ, NEBIIM AND KETUBIM), as well as the story of the 613 Mitzvot. In some communities they spend the whole night recounting the majesty of the Torah Surrender, while in others they spend a few hours of meditation.
AZHAROT: At the end of the Shajrit prayers, as well as before Mincha, we keep reading the Azharot. The introduction to them “AMÓN YOM ZÉ”, in acrostic form the name of the author David ben Eleazar Bakuda. The Azharot, properly speaking, belong to the very illustrious Rabbi and Malaga philosopher Rabbi Shlomó ben Yehudá GABIROL. They form a wonderful poetic composition and describe each and every one of the 613 precepts, reciting the affirmative on one day and the negative on the next. (Mitzvot ASÉ and I TAASÉ).
Those corresponding to the afternoon (before Mincha), have as author the great Rabbi and scholar poet Rabbi Yitzjak ben Reuvén “EL BARTZELONI” and compose a series of verses with extraordinary poetic rhyme in all of them and end with a passage from the Tanaj. Tradition teaches us, the obligation to avoid mistakes in reading them, since our elders made us repeat.
BOOK OF RUTH: We also proceed to the reading of Megillat or Book of Ruth, taking into account the parallelism between the life of our masterful Ruth La Moabita and her sincere dedication to the Jewish Faith and the connection between the gathering in the fields of Moab at the time and one of the names of the Fiesta. (HAG HAKATZIR).
KETUBOT: Just as when a couple marries and the marriage contract or Ketubá is read, in Shavuot we also recite the Ketubot (Israel or Diaspora), as an affirmation of the indelible commitment between HASHEM and ISRAEL, through the Holy TORAH.
FRIDAY 6 Sivan 5780 * 29th May 2020
|Perashá:||BAHODESH HASHELISHÍ||Éxodus, 19|
|Haftará:||VAIHÍ BISHLOSHIM SHANÁ||Ezekiel, 1|
SÁTURDAY 7 Sivan 5780 * 30th May 2020
|Perashá||KOL HABEJOR||Deuteronomy, 15|
|Haftará||V’ HASHEM BEHEJAL||Habakuk, 2|
SHABAT SHALOM & JAG SAMEAJ